Pests We Cover
- All the pests that Pro Evo Pest Control can take care of.
The most common pest that you are likely to see in your house is the Black Garden Ant, which is in fact a dark brown colour. The typical structure of an ant is split into three sections (head, thorax and abdomen), these sections are quite clearly separated by their small and narrow waists. They are among the most organised insects in the world, typically speaking worker ants will invade your household in search of food for the rest of the community. These workers can range from 3 to 5mm in length and will usually be attracted to any food with a high sugar content, once adequate food has been located they will then take this to their nest in order to feed growing larvae and the queen ant. Ant eggs which are sold for the purpose of feeding fish in an aquarium are actually the pupae.
The bed bug is most commonly associated to an area with unhygienic surroundings, this pest can occur for multiple reasons such as an increase in travel and using second hand furniture. The most common places to find bed bugs is anywhere which has a high turnover of residents such as a hostel, hotel, holiday camp and a block of apartments. Appearance A typical adult bed bug will look very similar to a brown disc, they can grow up to a size of 6mm in length. Although this pest has no way to fly anywhere their developed legs can scale most surfaces and they can navigate to pretty much anywhere. The main issue with bed bugs is that the early forms of a bed bug are miniscule and can often be very hard to detect with the use of the naked eye. Characteristics Bed bugs will typically not spawn at your premise but more often than not they will attach themselves to something and that is the most common method for them to be introduced into your premise. Also be careful when purchasing any second hand furniture as it may come riddled with plenty of bed bugs. Habitat Bed bugs are nocturnal pests and will usually become active during the night, they will usually hide in any crevice they can find to help protect themselves. Diet Bed bugs are parasitic creatures and their diet generally consists of blood from a human host, however don't try and starve them out as they can survive for up to one year without any sort of feeding.
Biscuit Beetle Biscuit Beetles can be found across the world, however they are more common in mild climates. It is a common pest throughout the UK, they are typically found in retail premises and food storage locations, they are also frequently found in domestic premises. These small reddish-brown insects are typically only 3mm long who love to live and crawl into food storage locations such as larders. These pests are quite often confused with a common furniture beetle as they are so similar in appearance. Biscuit beetles are most commonly attracted to the following items:
- Cake Mixes
- Soup Powders
These pests are also known to thrive on chemical substances such as:
Although small in stature a Biscuit Beetle can, given enough time, eat through tin foil and even lead. When the larvae hatch they are quite active and hard to notice due to how small they are. It roughly takes two months for the larvae to grow and hatch into adults, however this is all depends on the climate of their environment and many other factors such as food availability. Once the adults hatch they will quickly mate with any nearby Biscuit Beetles and then live out the rest of their lives which typically spans from 3 to 4 weeks.Carpet Beetle The carpet Beetle has now become the most prominent British textile past recently surpassing clothes moths. This pest can grow up to 4mm long and can resemble a small brown ladybird. There are two other variations of the carpet beetle.
Fur Beetle - This is a carpet beetle that has one spot on each wing case.
Black Carpet Beetle - This is a black version of the common carpet beetle and can grow up to 5mm in length.
Adult carpet beetles are often seen in households towards the end of Spring/Early Summer when they will seek out new locations to lay their eggs. Adult carpet beetles consume pollen and nectar from garden flowers. They will typically lay their eggs in abandoned birds' nests, felt, fabric and other miscellaneous fluff accumulated in buildings.Furniture Beetle
This is a smallish brown beetle that ranges from 2.5mm to 5mm in length, it is the adult form of a woodworm. Typically speaking this pest hatches from infested wood between the months of May and September, they will usually leave exit holes in wood that are 1-2mm in diameter. Their diet consists of:
There are two primary species of cockroach in Great Britain, Oriental and German Cockroaches.Appearance
Cockroaches are characterised by their long thin antennae's, flat oval bodies and fast but rigid walk. The German Cockroach is typically a yellow/brown colour and can grow up to 15mm long. The Oriental Cockroach is often found with a much darker brown/black coloured shell and will typically grow up to 24mm in length. Cockroaches do not change much in appearance as they grow older, they will simply get larger.Characteristics
The German Cockroach will carry all of its eggs inside a case, once there are 30 or more eggs inside it they will begin to hatch. The oriental cockroach however will lay its eggs on suitable surfaces such as packaging and dark crevices, there will be around 16 to 18 eggs deposited and these will hatch within 12 weeks. The Oriental Cockroach has a much longer maturity period when compared to its German counterpart. On average the Oriental cockroaches will mature within 6 to 12 months whereas the German Cockroach will only take 6 to 12 weeks to mature from nymphs.Habitat
Cockroaches do not thrive in the British climate, that's why they will always look for warm areas such as heating ducts and boiler rooms. This is why you will typically find cockroaches in kitchens of restaurants as it's a hot environment. They prefer to wander around at night time and will most likely stay hidden during the day unless provoked. This can make detection difficult unless you happen to stumble upon a nest of them.Diet
Cockroaches, like some pests, will eat just about anything, this includes the following:
- Faecal Matter
The most common species of Flea, that is known to frequently bite humans, is the Cat Flea. As the name suggests this type of Flea is often found on domestic cats who like to venture outdoors as they will pick fleas up from the surrounding areas. Bird fleas are the second most common flea followed by the Dog flea, there are instances of human fleas but these are very rare. Appearance Adult fleas are tiny in stature and average around 2mm in length, they cannot fly and can be identified as small flat brown insects. Their legs are arguably their most unique feature as they can propel themselves up to 100 times their own size which makes it one of the best jumpers throughout the animal kingdom, relative to its body size. Characteristics Fleas, by their very nature, are parasitic creatures which feed on warm-blooded animals. Whilst they do not typically represent a threat to humans, however in worst case scenarios they can cause prolonged discomfort and potentially respiratory problems. A female flea will typically lay her eggs on a creature after feeding on their blood, over the course of a 2 year period they can lay up to 1000 eggs. While most of the eggs will hatch on the host many can also drop off onto other places and spread to other hosts. The eggs will transform into a cocoon like shape and hatch once it detects vibration of sorts from the host. Habitat Fleas will often be found in communal areas where pets sleep, the most common places to find fleas are:
- On Pets
- In Carpets
- In Pet Bedding
- In Upholstered Furniture
Cluster Flies Cluster flies will typically be dark greyish in colour and can grow up to 8mm in length, their wings will overlap and they will have yellow hairs on their back. During the autumn months cluster flies will stay in large numbers in upper rooms of houses or roof spaces. There is a noticeable smell when it comes to detecting the cluster flies, they are quite slow flying around and can become a large nuisance for the residents. This species is quite common in rural areas where the larvae will choose earthworms as their parasitic hosts before hatching. Fruit Flies A fruit fly is one of the most common pests that can be found in British homes, they are characterised by their slow hovering flight, hanging abdomen and occasionally red eyes. They will typically grow up to 3mm in length and are commonly found inside rotting fruit or fermenting liquids. Green Bottles Green bottle flies are some of the most well-known species of flies that you can find in a typical UK household. They will typically grow up to 9mm long with a bottle-green colour on their back, their diet typically consists of any sort of food that is exposed which they can gain access to. House Fly The fly which you are most likely to come in contact with is the Common Housefly and Lesser Housefly, these are the most widespread and adults can grow up to 7-8mm in length. These flies are characterised by their grey colour with black stripes across their back and one pair of wings. Their eyes take up the majority of space on their head and you can differentiate between a male and female from the spacing of their eyes. “If you followed a fly for a day, you wouldn’t eat for a week”. The common Housefly has sticky pads attached to each foot, six in total, and this allows it to walk across walls and ceilings in any manner, it even lets them traverse across windows. Housefly's are most active in summer months and will typically hibernate during winter. The lifecycle of an egg will last roughly one week during warm weather, the eggs are laid into rotting organic matter in batches of 120. Although they may seem harmless, they always carry a risk of transferring a bacterial disease to humans.
Feral pigeons are a common problem across the UK, they foul builds, vehicles and architecture. In areas where there is a distinct lack of predators birds can fall sick and then survive to infect healthy ones, some of these diseases are passable to humans which can present a risk. The most prominent source of diseases is the waste they leave everywhere. Pigeons can carry the following diseases which can be passed on to humans:
The grey squirrel was introduced into England sometime during the 19th century, due to its habits and way of life it has now spread throughout the mainland and can be found in various woodland areas. This pest typically finds a roof space to accommodate, once inside they will begin to chew up any woodwork present and can even eat through insulation of electric wiring cables. They can even begin to eat the insulation found in roof spaces.
There are two main species of rat in Great Britain, the brown rat, also known as Rattus Norvegicus, and the Black Rat, also known as Rattus Rattus. However the latter is not as common and has become quite a rarity in the UK. Appearance The Brown Rat is one of the larger species of rats in Britain, they will often come in at a staggering half a kilo in bodyweight and can measure up to 23cm long, this is sometimes without taking into account the tail. It has quite a blunt muzzle, small ears and a tail which will be shorter than its body. The Black Rat on average weighs half of its larger counterpart, has a pointed muzzle and has larger ears. Its tail is thin and on average is longer than the body.
Habitat Brown Rats are able to adapt to their habitat which has allowed them survive the test of time, all they need is a location that can provide them a reliable source of food, water and shelter. They will typically house themselves within roof spaces and inside wall cavities. They can sometimes be found to lurk in gardens and can burrow themselves under sheds. However Brown Rats are most commonly found living in sewer systems, Black Rats on the other hand are more often found in harbours and ports. Diet Rats are mostly active during the night and they will often feed at this time, on average they will look to consume 50 grams worth of food every day. Although they are omnivorous scavengers and will most likely consume anything that a human will they still have a preference for cereal products.
The common House Mouse is typically found in buildings which they use as nesting sites as they provide warmth and shelter. Appearance The common House Mouse can grow up to 19cm in length, including tail. They are small creatures and weigh less than 25g, their colour ranges from a light brown to a dullish grey. Characteristics The most well-known characteristic in a House Mouse is their incredible sense of hearing and they even frequently communicate between each other using ultrasound, they are very susceptible to sudden loud noises. Detecting a mice infestation can be as simple as looking out for their dark-coloured droppings, they might even crawl inside and damage food storage units such as larders. Habitat Mice will typically create nests that are built out of a variety of commonly found resources such as:
Moles use their two sharp front paws to dig underground and create networks of tunnels that they can roam around, although they have very poor eyesight their snouts and whiskers allow them to navigate underground very efficiently. Moles can sometimes appear above ground however you are much more likely to find them lurking underneath. These pests can cause a large amount of damage to your land by creating tunnel networks underneath your garden which could cause the ground to become unstable, this can also lead to safety risks for small children.
Clothes Moth There are a variety of different clothes moths species, their primary characteristic is that they fold their wings in a tent-wise style along their backs. An adult Common Clothes moth can reach up to 7mm in length, they can be identified through their plain wings that are covered in small hairs. Although adult moths are harmless and don't actually damage anything when feeding, the larvae of these moths hatch from eggs that eat away through natural fabrics such as:
Wasps are part of a species under the name Hymenoptera, this is a collection of insects which have highly complex social orders and are born with the aim of making sure their species survives. Appearance Wasps are renowned for their size and loud buzzing, they are covered in a bright yellow colour with black stripes across their body which can measure up to 15mm in length. They are also very well-known for the painful stinger that lies below their abdomen and can cause excruciating pain in anyone who is allergic to their venom. Characteristics At the heart of each wasp colony there sits a queen wasp who is larger than normal wasps, the queen will hibernate during wintery months and lay her eggs during spring. The diet of a wasp grub will typically be insects until they fully develop into worker wasps. Workers are all sterile females and can sometimes travel over a mile to search for food in order to feed the colony. Towards the end of the year when there is a lack of fruit for the wasps to feed on they begin to starve and start to die off, during this period of time queen wasps go into hibernation and come out of this state towards spring to restart the cycle. A basic wasp nest can produce up to 30,000 wasps every year. Diet As they are natures pest control wasps often feed on other insects, however during the months of August and September the worker wasps turn to sweet fruits and this is when they can become a nuisance to your garden.
For more information about how our pest removal poole service can help eradicate any of the above pests then please get in touch on 01202 937554 or 07944 340077